IVF is an acronym for In-Vitro Fertilisation (‘In-Vitro meaning ‘in glass’). It is a method of assisted reproduction where a man's sperm and a woman's egg are combined in a laboratory dish, where fertilisation is expected to occur.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is used when the sperm quality is suboptimal. This is a highly technical procedure whereby a single sperm is injected into the centre of an egg to achieve fertilisation.
In an Intrauterine Insemination cycle, a sample of sperm is prepared by the embryologist and placed directly inside the uterus using a very fine catheter to achieve fertilisation.
A Frozen Embryo Transfer Cycle involves thawing one or more embryos (frozen during a previous fresh treatment cycle) and transferring that embryo (or embryos) to the uterus to establish a pregnancy.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis is a specialised treatment for couples who carry an inherited genetic defect that could cause serious health risks for their children, such as Cystic Fibrosis, Sickle Cell disease or Huntington's disease.
More and more women are looking to freeze their eggs if they are not yet ready to start a family or are going through other medical treatment that might impact their future fertility.